Semiconductor lighting technology promotion make its application scope expands unceasingly, the influence of People’s Daily life has also increased. Therefore, the authority to establish justice semiconductor lighting public testing and evaluation platform, form the perfect, the network semiconductor lighting detection system, to the enterprise product test and evaluation, provide convincing quality test data is very necessary. In addition, because both LED semiconductor devices, it is a kind of new-type light source, detection of the electrical parameters to it, optical parameters, heat parameters, such as a complete measurement, has the certain difficulty. Although China is lighting products production power, but the scale of the relevant domestic enterprise is not large, cut into the semiconductor lighting products in production, most corporations to internal independently in semiconductor lighting products inspection, so in public test and evaluation on the platform for testing, and testing method, the instrument, is also very important. In this case, many domestic cities and regions see to build up local inspection agencies, as the development of semiconductor lighting industry is important one annulus to support, just a few short years home is rapidly emerging a group of semiconductor lighting detection institutions. At present, however, these already built and establishing testing institutions staffing, site equipment exactly how? Whether have actual testing ability? Test methods and standards are unified? To test whether for conventional matching, whether the result is to achieve relatively consistent? The national testing institutions has been formed network pattern whether?
In view of the above questions, the publisher, in the near future to domestic semiconductor lighting testing institutions to conduct an investigation. Through the survey results, we found that at present domestic semiconductor lighting detection development level is uneven, and the overall detection system is still chaos, failed to detect the unity of the test method, standard, have not form a network, so it is difficult to timely and effectively to government departments, consumer and business units to provide authoritative testing services, or even a product in the different results of the testing institutions are not the same, users don’t know which should according to the results of the testing institutions choose products, causing confusion of market, the serious influence the semiconductor lighting industry, for our country the semiconductor lighting industry’s long-term development and connecting with the world quite a disadvantage. Therefore, to construct a perfect unity, the network product testing system of China, the development of semiconductor lighting is essential.
China semiconductor lighting products inspection organization investigation
This newspaper, in the near future to domestic semiconductor lighting inspection agencies conducted a survey collected 21 the key cities, 25 home more scale testing institutions of information. In each test organization ability of detecting, asset scale, sources of funds, management mechanism, the district distribution status of comparative analysis.
Semiconductor lighting products because more and more into the People’s Daily life, whether the government procurement, project bidding, or people daily purchase, all need to semiconductor lighting products detection the authentication and evaluation, so the demand is very great. But because of the qualification examination organization around, personnel quality, testing equipment each are not identical, so different organizations examination ability also vary greatly. The examination ability, the classification of the current domestic testing institutions can be divided to the following four categories: one is already had some of the work foundation national testing center. These national testing institutions built over a long period of time, has been working on a lot of semiconductor lighting products inspection work, in the semiconductor lighting in the inspection of the products with rich experience and personnel. 2 it is the preparation for the new special semiconductor lighting testing institutions. This kind of test institutions are mostly in recent years due to the national and local spending a large amount of money to build up, mostly has good hardware conditions, but at present in personnel technical level and testing ability should be further strengthened. The third type of testing institutions is the traditional lights in the original examination organization foundation, a new semiconductor lighting products detection project, this agency has certain traditional lighting products detection basis, but in semiconductor lighting products detection equipment and ability construction still shows insufficient. The fourth class is relying on enterprise or research institutes in the laboratory test platform. These test platform is generally located enterprises and institutions of the laboratory, and has a certain product testing ability, but in scale and personnel on the influence by the unit, the development has not stability.
Figure 1 semiconductor lighting test organization (in testing ability) summarized
Because the local government to the attention of different detection institutions, testing institutions of the original foundation is different, so the current domestic development situation of different detection institutions also vary. This reflected in testing institutions have testing equipment, working conditions and so on, such as platform detection conditions are perfect, testing equipment configuration have reached the international advanced, leading domestic level, covering the basic whether semiconductor lighting industry chain and application of products required test items, whether can be LED device, LED light source, the LED lamps and other kinds of semiconductor lighting products, including spectrophotometric characteristics, chroma characteristics, electrical properties, thermal, aging properties, reliability, security, and other comprehensive characteristics of the radiation detection analysis and evaluation assessment, whether can realize to the road and tunnel lighting, building indoor and outdoor lighting, landscape decoration lighting, automotive lighting, industrial and mining lighting and special lighting industry in the fields of the products detection, etc. The above situation through the inspection agencies can do a asset scale index observation. To achieve one hundred million yuan of the scale of the tone was about 16% and of assets in never rules rules between RMB one hundred million to about of the institutions of the tone was 52%, assets in the following rules rules of about of the agency never was the 32% of the tone.
Figure 2 semiconductor lighting testing institutions summarized (by assets scale)
Sources of funds
From the operation mode of the testing institutions and funding sources also can be seen on the domestic industry is still testing the confusion. Some funds from testing institutions completely financial allocation, such institutions account for 17% of the investigation, some is private investment, such institutions account for 4% of the investigation. Some is the government and enterprise, joint investment institutions such as college, is also relying on charge testing a service fee, such institutions is this investigation of the mainstream, reached 79%. This led to some testing institutions is completely market orientation, some still relies on the government, some from completely dependent on government began to gradual rely on market.
[table] figure 3 semiconductor lighting testing institutions summarized (according to sources of funds)
Testing institutions imbalance in the development of management mechanism in is reflected, some of this survey testing institutions have made an independent third party position, but some institutions due to reasons such as history, strength in enterprise, institute affiliated still under.
Figure 4 semiconductor lighting testing institutions summarized (by assets scale)
The development of the Chinese economy not balanced are reflected in semiconductor lighting up detection institutions, in this survey can be found in the different areas, the number of test institutions are also different. By region, east China inspection agencies have six, south China inspection agencies 6 companies in the north have testing structure five, central China area detection institutions two, in the northeast region 2 home, southwest two, northwest two. Can be found that the distribution of testing more in east China, south China and north China, reflecting the semiconductor lighting in the industrial concentration is high, the enterprise is numerous, semiconductor lighting products market penetration is higher, demand is bigger, the future will have a better development.
Table 1 semiconductor lighting testing institutions summarized (by area distribution)
Constructing the network semiconductor lighting testing system
Through this survey can be found that, although many governments in the construction of the testing institutions, even into parts of the millions of yuan, also made some achievements, but there still a host of problems. First of all, the local inspection organizations are certain vicious competition, repeatedly put equipment, lack the overall coordination of the national level; Secondly, product testing method is not uniform, national and local institutions of all kinds of test the same product measure the results of not consistently; Finally, the local inspection agencies in hardware equipment in a large investment, but the lack of experienced technical personnel, lead to testing ability and sustainability difficulty. Therefore, it can be said that at present domestic has not formed to support the development of industry system testing power, it is difficult to meet the needs of the rapid development of industry.
To solve the current test market mess, it is necessary to set up a number of authoritative and credibility inspection institute. They can not only to the industry’s technology research, product evaluation, transaction process technology of the ruling to provide service, also can promote the service by the semiconductor lighting industry, the establishment of the good order, and to promote sustainable development.
Can set up the detection institutions have credibility key lies in how to reflect their service and openness. From the service on look, testing institutions localization of target is to test and evaluation, it is embodied in service to enterprises, for industry services, with a particular focus on the for the start-up and of small and medium-sized enterprises to provide test, testing and other service function, also with the product quality inspection and evaluation function, reduce the operation cost of small and medium-sized enterprises, improve the market competition ability of the enterprise. From the opening on look, as a detection platform, after the completion of an open shall, in the full understand market demand and technology development trend, and on the basis of testing for enterprise to carry out necessary service, service in the surrounding areas of the enterprise, or even the whole country in the semiconductor lighting industry, encourage enterprises to enrich and perfect testing means, establish and perfect quality guarantee system.
Testing institutions to realize service, open development goals, on the one hand, need government policy and financial support, the enterprise with the active participation of, on the other hand also want to pay attention to inside the organization’s self building, pay attention to the cultivation of talents and the formation of the professional characteristics, to strengthen the professional skill of the testing personnel training, pay attention to add personnel detection ability and analytical ability enhancement. The lamps and lanterns of traditional testing institutions to semiconductor lighting areas of business expand, to strengthen the semiconductor lighting products of special attention, supplement and complete technical strength, guarantee the accuracy of the transfer of the business.
National semiconductor lighting engineering and industrial union deputy secretary general RuanJun think, make authoritative examination organization is important, but the vast land area than China, variety of market demand, it only on a few home inspection agencies still couldn’t for the enterprise and the user to provide effective close-fitting type, one-stop service, in the country to construct a perfect unity, form the network semiconductor lighting products detection system is imperative.
The detection system construction, must first from national level to plan as a whole platform construction. According to different regional economy and industrial development needs, from semiconductor lighting products detection platform construction on the top design make planning, effective integration of resources, increase the investment of construction platform, clear countries with local platform of the platform task division and differentiation, complementary such development. National platform can play its authority and professional advantages of advanced technology, leading the technology development direction, speed up the semiconductor lighting products in the test methods and standards established, to the local platform provides equipment procurement, test methods, personnel training, and other aspects of the help, for national financial subsidies to provide technical support. Place according to the regional economic development platform, the characteristics of complete set testing ability construction, undertake local enterprise product testing tasks, guarantee the product place of engineering project purchasing and smoothly, and at the same time providing enterprise detection services.
Next to guide test standard and test methods of unity. Semiconductor lighting get favorable development of one of the premise is to establish and perfect our country lighting appliance technical standard and test method appraisal system, make different enterprise products according to the unified test methods detection, the only way to really drive our semiconductor lighting industry progress of technology, promote the development of the industry. So in formation at national, regional and local examination platform system, and formed the cohesion and interaction between each other, based on the network should be coordinated establish detection platform, make national platform and local platform than test conditions and to realize the unification of the test methods and standards.
In addition, RuanJun also said more joint home inspection agencies, unfolding industry data issued to the benign industrial environment, to promote the construction of the platform is very important also. National semiconductor lighting engineering and industrial union national standards and inspection agencies jointly and regularly issue related products to selective examination, inspection data, can regulate semiconductor lighting devices development and application products marketing, set up consumer confidence in semiconductor lighting products, guiding semiconductor lighting products standard testing process and developing method, improvement, and used to provide consumers with accurate and efficient product sourcing and design guiding, connecting the manufacturers and testing institutions information channels of communication between, push to improve product quality, and provide technical information for government tender, guide the healthy development of industry.